Your child is doing poorly in school, and you want to know why. He’s not lazy- in fact, he works hard- but he just can’t seem to understand the concepts or score well on tests. If this describes your situation, there’s a good chance that your child has a learning disability, and it makes sense to have your child evaluated.
|Dyslexia||Difficulty Reading||Problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking|
|Dyscalculia||Difficulty with Mathematics||Problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money|
|Dysgraphia||Difficulty with writing||Problems with Handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas|
|Dyspraxia||Difficulty with fine motor skills||Problems with Hand-eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity|
|Dysphasia/ Aphasia||Difficulty with language||Problems understanding Spoken Language, Poor reading comprehension|
|Auditory Processing Disorder||Difficulty hearing differences between sounds||Problems with reading, comprehension, language|
|Visual Processing Disorder||Difficulty interpreting visual information||Problems with reading, math, maps, charts, symbols, pictures|
Some of the techniques of assessment of learning disability are as follows:
The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), developed by David Wechsler, is an individually administered intelligence test for children between the ages of 6 and 16.
It generates a Full-Scale IQ that represents a child’s general intellectual ability. It also provides five primary index scores:
The Wechsler Individual Achievement Test assesses the academic achievement of children, adolescents, college students and adults of age group 4-85 years.
The NIMHANS (National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences) Index for Specific Learning Disabilities was developed in the Department of Clinical Psychology, NIMHANS, Bangalore. It was initially developed by Kapur, John, Rozario, and Oommen in the year 1991 to screen children with SLD. The NIMHANS Index for Specific Learning Disabilities consists of tests of reading, writing, spelling and arithmetic abilities, to identify children with disabilities in these areas. It consists of two levels:
Level I: Consisting of tests of Attention, visual Discrimination, Visual Memory, Auditory Memory, Speech and Language, Visuomotor skills and Writing Skills.
Level II: Consisting of tests of Attention, Language (Reading, Writing, Comprehension), Spelling, Perceptual Motor Abilities, Memory and Arithmetic.
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